The Artist Village of Bergen
Bergen always had a great appeal for artists, due to its beautiful countryside and luminous atmosphere. At the beginning of the 20th century several artists relocated to Bergen, where they lived in studio homes. Around 1915 a new, typical painting style evolved around the French painter Henri Le Fauconnier: the Bergen School. These avant-garde artists - such as Leo Gestel, Dirk Filarski, Arnout Colnot, Matthieu Wiegman and Charley Toorop - painted portraits, landscapes and still lifes with powerful, angular forms and vocative, contrasting colours, which came to be known as Dutch expressionism. Patrons of the arts, such as August Maschmeyer and Piet Boendermaker, were of great importance to the Bergen School, due to their financial support.
The Bergen artists exchanged thoughts and ideas during numerous encounters. Charley Toorop’s studio ‘De Vlerken’ became an important meeting place, where artists from Bergen and beyond would gather. Piet Mondriaan, Gerrit Rietveld, John Raedecker, Roland Holst and Pyke Koch met here, and photographed together by Eva Besnyö. After 1940, the artistic climate was dominated by the COBRA movement, in which the poet and artist Lucebert played an important role.
The Museum Kranenburgh Collection
Museum Kranenburgh first opened in 1993 in Villa Kranenburgh, with the Bergen School at its foundation. The collection of 3.500 artworks, dating from 1900 to the present, includes a number of highlights by, among others, Leo Gestel, Dirk Filarski, Jan Sluijters, Gustave de Smet, Charley Toorop and John Raedecker. In addition, the museum holds an important collection of photography by Eva Besnyö, which gives a fine image of the intimate circle of artists in Bergen. Major works by the artists Lucebert, Edgar Fernhout and Emo Verkerk, represent the later period of the Bergen School.
The museum’ own holdings consist mainly of private donations, but also has works of art on loan from other museums and private owners.
The Collections of the City of Bergen and the North Holland Art Centre
Museum Kranenburgh also manages the collections of the city of Bergen (2.500 art works, including several works from the Boendermaker Collection) and the North Holland Art Centre. After World War II, the city of Bergen actively implemented the national subsidy program for artists. In the 1950’s, the North Holland Art Centre was founded to foster the arts in Bergen, and the collecting of Bergen art began, initiated by several artists.